The Place of Woman in Islam – An Overview
The place of women in Islam or according to the Quran is one of the hottest topics related to Islamic teachings. The western opinion or in non-Islamic religion, this topic is handled with a quite wrong conception.
The anti-Muslim so-called scholars usually criticize that women in Islam are treated as labor or slave with less human rights as compared to men. But in reality, their concepts are quite away from authenticity and just a camouflage.
Islam pays more respect to women while mostly in other religion a woman has become a decoration piece or source of entertainment, and they call it women freedom.
Our holy Prophet(PBUH) pointed out the rights of women that were not given to women before.
The baby girls were buried alive, they had no right to have shared in fathers property, a widow had no right to marry again, no right of education, etc, are some extreme examples, which indicates the women place before Islam escalation.
But thanks to Allah who reveals to us the true and most perfect rights of the woman through the Holy Prophet (PBUH).
In Islam women are honored to have the allocation in his father legacy, she has equal right to get the education as compared to men, as a mother she has given highest rank, etc.
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Women’s place in Islam according to Quran and Hadith will enlighten on this topic in detail.
The Place of Woman in Islam According to the Holy Quran
- “And whoever does righteous deeds, whether male or female, and he/she is a believer – they will enter the Garden, and not the least injustice will be done to them.” (Holy Qur’an, 4:124).
- “And one of His signs is that He created for you mates from among yourselves that you may dwell in tranquillity with them, and He put between you love and compassion; most surely there are signs for a people who reflect.”(Holy Qur’an, 30:21).
- “…therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient and guard in (the husband’s) absence what God would have them, guard.” (Holy Qur’an, 4:34).
- “…and women have rights similar to those against them in a just manner,…” (Holy Qur’an, 2:228).
- “O mankind, surely We have created you from a male and a female, and made you nations and tribes, that you may know each other. Surely the noblest of you with Allah is the most righteous. Surely Allah Knowing, Aware.”(Holy Qur’an, 49:13).
- “…I will not suffer the work of any worker among you to be lost whether male or female, one of you being from the other…”(Holy Qur’an, 3:195).
- “O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers that they should cast their outer garments over them (when abroad); this is more proper, that they should be known (recognized as such) and not molested. And Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.” (Holy Qur’an, 33:59)
- “Whoever does good, whether male or female, and is a believer, We shall certainly make him live a good life, and We shall certainly give them their reward for the best of what they did.” (Holy Qur’an, 16:97).
The Place of Woman in Islam According to Hadith
- The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said:
“Guard yourselves against six things and I am your surety for Paradise: when you speak, speak the truth; perform when you promise; discharge your trust, and guard your private parts (except your wives); cast down your eyes; withhold your hand from committing aggression or forbidden things.”
- “Any woman who perfumes herself and leaves her home is cursed by the angels and deprived of the blessings of the Almighty Allah until she returns home.”(Imam Husayn (a.s.))
- “Every eye shall cry on the Day of Resurrection with the exception of three: an eye which passed the nights guarding Muslims (their wealth, land, etc.) for the sake of Allah; an eye which wept for fear of Allah; and an eye which was cast down against the deeds made forbidden by Allah.” (Imam al-Baqir (a.s.))
- Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) was asked whether it is lawful for a man to look at the face of a woman whom he wants to marry and also to look at her from behind. He said: “Yes, there is no objection for a man to look at a woman whom he wants to marry including her face, and to look at her from behind.”
- Imam Husayn (a.s.) says:
“The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) used to salute women and they used to reply to his salutation. While the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (a.s.), also used to salute women, but he disliked to salute the young among the women and said, ‘I feared that her voice would admire me and thus affect me so I would commit sin more than getting a reward.” (Imam Husayn (a.s.))
- “Allah curses those men who make themselves resemble women or those women who make themselves resemble men.”( Imam Ali (a.s.))
- Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq (a.s.)
“A young man from the Ansar met a woman is Madina. At that time, women used to wear a veil, so he looked at her while she was coming toward him. When she passed by him, he continued looking after her until he entered one of the alleys. He continued looking as he passed along the alley until a bone on a wall slashed his face and the woman passed out of sight. Then, unexpectedly, he saw blood flowing over his clothes and chest. He said, ‘I must go and inform the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) about the incident.’ When the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) saw him in this condition he said, ‘What happened?’ When he informed the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) about the event in detail, the angel Gabriel (a.s.) came down with this verse:‘Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their private parts. That is purer for them. Truly Allah is Cognizant of what they do.’ (Holy Qur’an, 24:30).
- Anas narrates that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said:
“Whoever marries a woman for her glory, Allah will not increase his, but will bring him humiliation; whoever marries her for her wealth, Allah will not increase his, but place him in poverty; whoever marries her for ancestral claims, Allah will not increase his, but in meanness; whoever marries a woman for nothing but to cast down his eyes, guard his private parts, and join a relationship, Allah will bless him through her and vice versa.”
- Abu Imamah narrated that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said:
“A Muslim is he who looks at the beauties of a woman and then casts down his eyes, Allah will give him the reward of worship whose sweetness he will find in his heart.”
- The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.), addressing the Muslims on the occasion of the Farewell Pilgrimage, warned them against the values which he feared would be neglected after him, and referred to a woman as one of the important issues about whom he said:
“Observe your duty to Allah in respect to the women, and treat them well”.
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