Inna Lillahi Wa Inallah e Raji oon – An Overview
The real human is one who knows if the grief has entangled him and there is no hand of his in all the matter then it must be from the Almighty Allah. He shall know by the core of his heart that this is Exam and Allah want to enhance his Faith, protect him from some Zarar he does not know about. He shall have a firm belief that Allah wants to purify his soul from the fire of his grief and amplify his Darajah of Emaan. In result, Inna Lillahi Wa Inallah e Raji oon slips from his lips.
This characteristic of Mommin is described in the Holy Quran by Almighty Allah in Surah Baqrrah verse number 156 in the following way.
بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
الَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُمْ مُصِيبَةٌ قَالُوا إِنَّا ِلِلَّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ
أُوْلَئِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ صَلَوَاتٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِمْ وَرَحْمَةٌ وَأُوْلَئِكَ هُمُ الْمُهْتَدُونَ
[سورة البقرة:155- 157]
“Who, when a misfortune overtakes them, say: ‘Surely we belong to Allah and to Him shall we return.”
Everyone in this universe face grief, disaster or pain at any stage of his life. This grief can be his examination and one who passes through it come in contact with blissful happiness in this World and Here After.
Nothing is permanent here, nor is the grief.
All is in the hand of Allah and nothing cans occur without His will or command.
So if all comes from Allah then we shall know that Allah loves us and want us to be strong and pious. He has no enmity against us. He does best in our lives.
In routine life, Muslims use this phrase to show Sabar and Belief in Almighty Allah and His doings. Generally, the most testing time in any one’s life is to lose someone or something.
When to Recite Istirja?
At four different locations, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) recited Istirja. So, why are they doing this? Let us look at the Holy Prophet’s (PBUH) Sunnah:
- Recite Inna lillahiwa Inna ilayhi raji’un when a thorn grabs you.
- When bitten by a mosquito, become the patient’s one and say the name of your Lord.
- Recite Istirja once your light has gone out.
- Recite Istirja when your shoelace snaps or shreds.
If some beloved dies we as a Muslim say, “Inna Lillahi Wa Inallah e Raji oon”
The deceased is the creation of Allah and He has taken back his belonging. In any calamity, the same verse recitation soothes battered hearts. The disaster may include losing any precious thing and the person who lost his precious article knows that “Verily we belong to God, and to God, we return.” And the same case applies to his belongings. All things also belong to Allah who vested that thing to that person and taken it back.
“And to Allah belongs the inheritance of the heavens and the earth….” (Surah Aal-Imraan:180)
Allah is the Creator of everything in this universe. All you possess is His property. He is the only and real owner of all these. Reactions you have been given by Him. The Car, House and all money you have is indeed given you by Allah. You’re all qualities, capabilities, business and intelligence, all is His gift and blessings upon you. Your health, kids, parents, spouse, siblings or emotions, all truth belongs to Him. Even He is the Master of your soul and your body.
“The kingdom of the heavens and the earth and everything in them belongs to Allah. He has power over all things.” (Surat al-Ma’ida: 120)
Anything which you call “I” is nothing but truly belong to Allah Almighty. All which distinguishes human from other human belongs to Allah alone.
We are at the servitude of Allah Tallah Say:
“To Allah belongs the East and the West…” (Surah al-Baqarah:142)
If the Giver takes back His belongings than we are not sad. We are still grateful and thankful to Him. He gives us these things which we used and relished. We have no worry if he deprived us of that. Surely He will give us something more beneficial.
“And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Soabiriin (the patient).” (Noble Quran2:155)
Allah requires Muslims to be patient and to be faithful to Almighty Allah.
This phrase is of great importance in our daily lives. We shall say and remind ourselves to say Inna Lillahi Wa Inallah-e-Raji’oon on and off in our life without any reason as well.
We shall remember that all gifts are from Allah in this physical world and all these are only deposits from Him.
We shall handle all these things well. Nothing is eternal or under human will or control.
“We belong to Allah and we will return to Him, O God, give me the reward of disaster and give me a better replacement from it,” except Allah will give the reward of disasters and Allah give a better replacement from it.” (Muslim)
This sentence of “Inna Lillahi Wa Inallah e Raji oon” reminds us that, everything belongs to Allah and all of them will return to Allah.
The man cannot claim anything from Allah Human can only strive and hope for the best.
Of course, Allah knows better than us about everything.
Don't miss our Article on Scientific Facts in the Light of Holy Quran.
This Verse enhance the following characteristics in a man
- Sincerity with our selves
- Tawakkul to Allah
- Not minding own hearts and wishes
- Patience in each test of life
- No need to moan on fate or destiny
A BRIEF GRAMMATICAL OVERVIEW OF THE VERSE
Innā: means Indeed we or verily we. “ʾInnā” is a reduction of ʾinna-nā.
This first part of this phrase means verily and the last part of this phrase means we.
“lillāhi” means “belong to God” or “are for God”
Wa: Wa means “and”.
Innā: again means verily
Ilay-hi: In two parts, this means “toward Him”. “ʾIlay” is a form of “ʾila” means “to”.
Rājiʿūn: This is a form of rajaʿa, means “return” or “a person who is returning.”
“Rājiʿūn” fundamentally means “returners”, or better “the returning ones”.
Taken together, the phrase can be translated as
“We indeed belong to God, and we indeed toward Him are returning.”
إِنَّا لِلَّٰهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ
“You will surely be tested in your possessions and in yourselves. And you will surely hear from those who were given the Scripture before you and from those who associate others with Allah much abuse. But if you are patient and fear Allah – indeed, that is of the matters [worthy] of determination.” (Ali Imran: 186)
Allah answer in the Quran that all of the tests never exceed our ability:
- “And whoever relies upon Allah, and then He is sufficient for him.”(At-Talaq : 3)
- “Verily, Shaytan (Satan) is your enemy so treat him as your enemy.” (Quran, Chapter 35, Verse 6)
- “They are those on whom are the Salawat (who are blessed and will be forgiven)from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His mercy, and it is they who are the guided ones.”(Noble Quran 2:157)
- “All that is with you is bound to come to an end, whereas all that, which is with Allah is everlasting.”(Quran, Chapter 16, Verse 96)
- “Verily, the noblest of you in the sight of Allah is the one who is most deeply conscious (i.e. fearful) of Him.” (Quran, Chapter 49, Verse 13)
“Be sure we will test you with something of fear and hunger, some loss in goods or lives, but give glad tidings to those who are steadfast, who say when afflicted with calamity: ‘To Allah we belong and to Him is our return.’ They are those on who (descend) blessings from Allah and mercy and they are the once that receive guidance.” (al-Baqarah:155)
Inna Lillahi Wa Inallah-e-Raji’oon Transliteration:
(إِنَّا لِلَّٰهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ) has a number of different transliteration spellings. There is no written form of transliteration that is correct. As a result, the English transliteration can be:
- Inna lillahi wa Inna ilayhi rajioon.
- Inna lillahi wa Inna ilaihi rajiun.
- Inna Lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’un.
- Inna lillahi wa inallah rajioon
- Inna lillahi wa inna ilaihi rojiun
- Ina Lilah waina Allah rajiun
- Inna lillahi wa inallah-e-raji’oon
These are the most prevalent transliterations. To pronounce Innalillahiwainnailaihirojiun ( ), you can use any of these options.
Inna Lillahi Wa Inallah-e-Raji’oon Urdu Translation
It is the perennial truth that everyone will have to die one day. This is the universal truth. As the Quran says;
“Wherever you may be, death will overhaul you, even if you are within towers of majestic manufacture.” (4:78)
Thus, (إِنَّا لِلَّٰهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُون) is the most common Quranic term used as dua. Muslims all over the world, of all languages, use this dua. So, the Urdu translation of Istirja is written as;
بے شک ہم اللہ کیلئے ہیں اور ہمیں اسی کی طرف لوٹنا ہے۔
Why do we recite this Ayah?
In our society, it is widely assumed that the words Inna Lillahi wa inna ilayhiRaji’un are only spoken after someone dies. This perception, however, is incorrect. This ayah should be recited if a person has suffered any form of loss, whether it is the death of a person (Muslim or non-Muslim) or any living creature, the loss of riches or property, the worsening of health, or any other type of loss.
When the lamp went out at night, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) is reported to have stated, “Inna Lillahi wa inna ilayhi Raji’un.” “O Messenger of Allah,” Ayesha (may Allah be pleased with her) inquired. Is this also a disaster?” “Yes,” said Allah’s Messenger. Whatever hurts or causes difficulty to a Muslim is a calamity and on bearing it patiently, it carries Allah’s promise of reward.”
What are the Virtues of reciting the Ayah?
By reciting the ayah “Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi Raji’un,” Allah asks us to be those who are patient [As-Sabirun] during catastrophes. The reward for this activity is described in the next ayah: They are those who receive the Salawat (i.e., blessings and forgiveness) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His mercy, and it is they who are guided. [Verse 2:156 of the Noble Quran]
According to Muslim’s Sahih, Umm Salamah said: “I heard Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) say: “There is no one who is afflicted with a misfortune and says, ‘Verily to Allah we belong, and unto Him is our return.”
Once a child born he bears nothing. All he gets in this World in this World is in his destiny and all he loose is also according to his destiny.
If you have oxygen to breathe in, parents to love and nourish you, shelter to live under, food to eat, grow to survive, healthy body to enjoy the life, vehicle to move then never think it is all because of you. It is because of the Creator. Allah (SWT) wants to give these things to you.
When you are in pain or anguish, you might recite Inna Lillahi Wa Inna Ilayhi Rajioon in any language. It’s important to realize that pronouncing Inna lillahi is a prayer as well as a statement. Someone must be rewarded if they say Inna Lillahi Wa Inna Ilayhi Rajioon with a pure heart and intention that we are all destined to return to Him. We should improve our life accordingly to Islam.
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