The real human is one who knows if the grief has entangled him and there is no hand of his in all the matter then it must be from the Almighty Allah. He shall know by the core of his heart that this is Exam and Allah want to enhance his Faith, protect him from some Zarar he does not know about. He shall have firm belief that Allah want to purify his soul from the fire of his grief and amplify his darajah of Emaan. In result Inna Lillahi Wa Inna Alaihi Rajeon slips from his lips. This characteristic of Mommin is described in Holy Quran by Almighty Allah in Surrah Baqrrah verse number 156 in the following way.
الذين اذا اصابتهم مصيبة قالوا انا لله وانا اليه راجعون
“Who, when a misfortune overtakes them, say: ‘Surely we belong to Allah and to Him shall we return.”
Everyone in this universe face grief, disaster or pain at any stage of his life. This grief can be his examination and one who passes through it come in contact with blissful happiness in this World and Here After. Nothing is permanent here, nor is the grief. All is in hand of Allah and nothing cans occur without His will or command. So if all comes from Allah then we shall know that Allah loves us and want us to be strong and pious. He has no enmity against us. He does the best in our lives.
In routine life Muslims use this phrase to show Sabar and Belief in Almighty Allah and His doings. Generally the most testing time in any one’s life is to lose someone or something. If some beloved dies we as a Muslim say
Inalilahi Wainaalilahi rojiun
The deceased is creation of Allah and He has taken back his belonging. In any calamity the same verse recitation soothes battered hearts. The disaster may include losing any precious thing and the person who lost his precious article knows that “Verily we belong to God, and to God, we return.” And same case applies on his belongings. All things also belong to Allah who vested that thing to that person and taken it back.
“And to Allah belongs the inheritance of the heavens and the earth….” (Surah Aal-Imraan:180)
Allah is the Creator of everything in this universe. All you possess is His property. He is the only and real owner of all these. Reactions you have are given by Him. The Car, House and all money you have is indeed given you by Allah. You’re all qualities, capabilities, business and intelligence, all is His gift and blessings upon you. Your health, kids, parents, spouse, siblings or emotions, all truly belongs to Him. Even He is the Master of your soul and your body.
“The kingdom of the heavens and the earth and everything in them belongs to Allah. He has power over all things.” (Surat al-Ma’ida: 120)
Anything which you call “I” is nothing but truly belong to Allah Almighty. All which distinguishes human from other human belongs to Allah alone. We are at servitude of Allah Tallah.
“Say: ‘To Allah belongs the East and the West…” (Surah al-Baqarah:142)
If the Giver takes back His belongings than we are not sad. We are still grateful and thankful to Him. He give us these things which we used and relished. We have no worry if he deprived us from that. Surely He will give us something more beneficial.
“And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Soabiriin (the patient).” (Noble Quran2:155)
Allah requires from Muslims to be patient and to be faithful to Almighty Allah.
This phrase is of great importance in our daily lives. We shall say and remind ourselves to say Inna Lillahi Wa Inna Ilaihi Rajiun on and off in our life without any reason as well. We shall remember that all gifts are from Allah in this physical World and all these are only deposits from Him. We shall handle all these things well. Nothing is eternal or under human will or control.
“We belong to Allah and we will return to Him, O God, give me the reward of disaster and give me a better replacement from it,” except Allah will give the reward of disasters and Allah give a better replacement from it.” (Muslim)
This sentence of “inna lillahi wa inna ilaihi rajiun” reminds us that, everything belongs to Allah and all of them will return to Allah. The man cannot claim anything from Allah Human can only strive and hope for the best. Of course, Allah knows better than us about everything.
This Verse enhance following characteristics in man
- Sincerity with our selves
- Tawakkul to Allah
- Not minding own hearts and wishes
- Patience in each test of life
- No need to moan on fate or destiny
A BRIEF GRAMMATIVAL OVERVIEW OF THE VERSE
Innā: means Indeed we or verily we. “ʾInnā” is a reduction of ʾinna-nā.
This first ppart of this phrase means verily and the last part of this phrase means we.
“lillāhi” means “belong to God” or “are for God”
Wa: Wa means “and”.
Innā: again means verily
Ilay-hi: In two parts, this means “toward Him”. “ʾIlay” is a form of “ʾila” means “to”.
Rājiʿūn: This is a form of rajaʿa, means “return” or “a person who is returning.”
“Rājiʿūn” fundamentally means “returners”, or better “the returning ones”.
Taken together, the phrase can be translated as “We indeed belong to God, and we indeed toward Him are returning.”
إِنَّا لِلَّٰهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ
“You will surely be tested in your possessions and in yourselves. And you will surely hear from those who were given the Scripture before you and from those who associate others with Allah much abuse. But if you are patient and fear Allah – indeed, that is of the matters [worthy] of determination.” (Ali Imran: 186)
Allah answer in the Quran that all of the tests never exceed our ability:
- “And whoever relies upon Allah, and then He is sufficient for him.”(At-Talaq : 3)
- “Verily, Shaytan (Satan) is your enemy so treat him as your enemy.” (Quran, Chapter 35, Verse 6)
- “They are those on whom are the Salawat (who are blessed and will be forgiven)from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His mercy, and it is they who are the guided ones.”(Noble Quran 2:157)
- “All that is with you is bound to come to an end, whereas all that, which is with Allah is everlasting.”(Quran, Chapter 16, Verse 96)
- “Verily, the noblest of you in the sight of Allah is the one who is most deeply conscious (i.e. fearful) of Him.” (Quran, Chapter 49, Verse 13)
“Be sure we will test you with something of fear and hunger, some loss in goods or lives, but give glad tidings to those who are steadfast, who say when afflicted with calamity: ‘To Allah we belong and to him is our return.’ They are those on who (descend) blessings from Allah and mercy and they are the once that receive guidance.” (al-Baqarah:155)
After knowing and reading all above mentioned verses the person shall always bear in heart that Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’un.
One a child born he bears nothing. All he get in hthis World in this World is in his destiny and all he loose is also according to his destiny.
If you have oxygen to breath in, parents to love and nourish you, shelter to live under, food to eat, grow to survive, healthy body to enjoy the life, vehicle to move then never think it is all because of you. It is because of the Creator. He wants to give these things to you. If He wants any of these things back, you do not have right to challenge is. All you can do is to be patient and thank full and wait for the more good to come. You shall have faith in Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi rajioon .